- Central loss of vision with central scotoma/distortion
Age-related macular degeneration (Guidelines)
What's new / Latest updates
All patients with suspected wet ARMD should have an initial assessment by their community optometrist who will then refer if required to the ophthalmology department. This guideline has been updated to provide a brief description of ARMD if patients present through another pathway. Contact details for patient support and links to additional information are provided
Wet ARMD usually presents with central visual loss or distortion which develops over a few days or weeks. Fundal examination may show retinal thickening, sub-retinal fluid, haemorrhage and exudates at the macula. With time a fibrovascular or disciform scar develops. If detected early, wet ARMD may be amenable to treatment which may stabilise or improve the vision.
Dry ARMD causes much slower disability, usually over months or years. Pigmentary changes and/or atrophy develop at or just around fixation resulting in juxtafixation scotomas which may cause difficulty in reading, With time, both near and distant vision slowly deteriorates. No treatment is currently available.
- If wet ARMD is suspected then advise the patient to attend their own optometrist for assessment.
- Optometrists can refer directly to the ophthalmology department via the rapid access pathway.
- Patients should be seen within 2 weeks if wet ARMD is suspected
- Practical and emotional support is available for visually impaired patients and relatives from the eye
clinic liason officers (ECLO).
- Inverness area: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Caithness, Sutherland, Lochaber, Skye: email@example.com
- The Macular Society website is a useful source of information for patients relatives and professionals
- The QR code below is a link to an information leaflet on ARM